Vasectomy is a safe and effective form of permanent birth control. When compared to conventional incisional vasectomy using a scalpel, No-scalpel vasectomy has lower risks of infection, bleeding, and postoperative pain. Recovery is often quicker with No-scalpel vasectomy than is recovery from conventional incisional vasectomy.
Vasectomy has been very well studied and has the highest safety profile and lowest risk of any other sterilization procedure.
Vasectomy is extremely safe but not without risk
The risks of vasectomy are listed below from most common to least common.
Each section below expands to provide greater detail about the risks of vasectomy.
Inflammation after vasectomy
Painful nodule after vasectomy
Bleeding after vasectomy
Infection after vasectomy
Chronic pain after vasectomy
Decreased testicular blood flow
Allergy to medication
Emotional changes after vasectomy
Vasectomy: Overall risks
Overall it is estimated that less than 10% of men will have a vasectomy complication. Most of these complications (tenderness and discomfort) are minimal and will quickly resolve. Some complications are severe and may require additional treatment. Although severe complications can occur they occur very infrequently. Most vasectomy complications are mild and will resolve with time.
Benefits of vasectomy
The main benefit of vasectomy is highly reliable permanent birth control and prevention of unintended pregnancy. These benefits can easily be obtained with a simple surgical procedure in less than 15 minutes within a doctor’s office under local anesthesia. Vasectomy allows men control over their reproduction and allows men not to be reliant upon their female partners compliance with birth control.
Vasectomy also provides benefits to the female partner as a very effective form of birth control that allows them to avoid the risks associated with female sterilization. Although male and female sterilization are equally effective and safe, the complications associated with female sterilization are often more serious.
Female sterilization is often an intra-abdominal procedure performed under general anesthesia. Anesthesia risk and risk of injury to internal abdominal organs can occur with female sterilization procedures. Failure of female sterilization can result in unintended pregnancy. Pregnancies from female sterilization failure can be serious and life-threatening ectopic (tubal) pregnancies.